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内蒙古鄂尔多斯市达拉*炀拍昙队⒂锵虏 Module 6 Eating together Unit

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Unit 3 Language in use 课题: Module 6 Eating together Unit 3 Language in use 学*过程(学案) Step 1 Grammar 1:被动语态 高频考向一。英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行 者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。如: We clean the classroom every day. (主动语态,主语 we 是 clean 这一动作的执行者) The classroom is cleaned every day. (被动语态,主语 the classroom 是 clean 这一动 作的承受者) 使用被动语态的情况: 1) 不知道或没有必要知道动作的执行者时 e.g. English is spoken all over the world. 2) 强调或侧重动作的承受者时 e.g. This dictionary is used by most students. 写出各种时态的被动语态: 高频考向二 语态用法的难点 备注 ①某些动词形式是主动语态,但含有被动的意思。如:sell, write 和 well ,easily 连用 This dictionary sells well.这种字典很好销售。 The woolen sweater costs $88.这件羊毛衫卖 88 美元。 The car needs repairing.=That car needs to be repaired.那辆车需要修理。 The soup tastes delicious.这汤尝起来味道很好。 ②主动语态中有些动词,如:make,see,listen,watch,feel 后常跟不带 to 的动词不定 式 作宾语补足语,变为被动语态要带上 to.如: He made the boy work for him=The boy was made to work for him.这男孩被迫为他工 作。 ③动词短语变成被动短语时,动词短语后面的介词或副词不能省略。如: The baby was looked after by her sister.这婴儿由她姐姐照顾。 His plan was laughed at by everyone.大家都嘲笑他的计划。 ④形容词 cheap,comfortable,dangerous,important,interesting,nice 等接不定式 做状语时,不定式的主动形式表被动意义。如: A bicycle is cheap to run.使用自行车是很经济的。 1 This question is difficult to answer.这个问题很难回答。 ⑤形容词 worth 后接动名词时,该动名词的主动形式表被动意义。如: The book is worth read ing.这本书值得读 一读。 被动语态专练 ( ) 1. This is a nice watch. Is it ______________ in Japan? A. make B. making C. made ( ) 2. --- You weren’t at home last Sunday afternoon, were you? --- Yes. My shoes ________________. I went out for a new pair. A. is worn out B. wore out C. were worn out ( ) 3. The medicine _________________cool, dry and clean. A. must keep B. must be kept C. must be in ( ) 4. My lost car ________________ yesterday morning. A. found B. was founded C. was found ( ) 5. A talk on American culture _______________ in our school next Friday. A. was given B. will be given C. will be given to ( ) 6. Many new houses ________________ for teachers since 2006. A. have built B. was built C. have been built ( ) 7. Rice must______________ at the right time. A. grow B. be growing C. be grown ( ) 8. Old people should ________________. A. take good care of B. be taken good care C. be taken good care of ( ) 9. The film ______________ at many cinemas in Guangzhou. A. was shown B. shows C. has shown ( ) 10. This kind of cloth ________________ very comfortable. A. feels B. is felt C. is feeling ( ) 11. --- Do you like the flower ? --- Yes, it ______________ sweet. A. is smelling B. is smelt C.



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